Fragment from the Documentary "Georgia's Last War".
Georgian Scientific-Popular and Documentary Film Studio "Mematiane", 1990. Author Nino Natroshvili.
The film uses shots preserved in the National Archives of Georgia, shot in 1918-1921.
Map of the occupation of the Democratic Republic of Georgia by Bolshevik Russia from the documents of Nikoloz (Carlo) Chkheidze, Chairman of the Constituent Assembly of the Democratic Republic of Georgia. 1921.
Unique shots, depicting the Russian-Georgian war of 1921.
The shots show: shots of the right and central defense sectors of Tbilisi, soldiers in the trenches, bringing Russian captives to Tbilisi, the retreat of the Georgian army from Tbilisi.
Fragment from the film "Newsreel about the Few Days of the Democratic Republic of Georgia", directed by Nino Natroshvili.
Preserved in the National Archives of Georgia.
“Take up the sword in your hand, put in motion men and women; create new detachments, keep order inside, defeat traitors. Know that the victorious Bolsheviks will rob you. They only broke your courage and self-sacrifice.
Stop the usual state and public work and hold on to your self-defense alone.
More warriors, more weapons, more food - this is what the homeland demands of you and we must provide it every day before victory.
In this battle we will not be left alone, we will create one whole self-sacrificing force and helpers will gather around us.
Georgian people, hold your sword, it is the voice of the enemies!
Georgia will die, but it will not surrender to the enemy!
Chairman of the Government and Defense Council N. Zhordania."
Arming of the Army and the People's Guard of the First Republic of Georgia
Sanitary train of the Georgian Armed Forces. Tbilisi, 1918-1921
During the Russian-Georgian War, on February 16, 1921, a letter was sent by the Rector of Tbilisi State University Ivane Javakhishvili to the Defense Committee of the Presidium of the Constituent Assembly of the Republic of Georgia.
"Tbilisi State University professors, associate professors, lecturers, assistants and members of the general staff of the scientific department are all ready to sacrifice all their knowledge, experience and life for the protection of the freedom of the precious homeland in danger and ask the committee to use their mental or physical strength, as he considers it best for the protection of the homeland."
The document is signed by: Rector of the University Ivane Javakhishvili and Secretary of the Council Akaki Shanidze.
The letter was attached the list of personnel of the scientific-educational department of Tbilisi State University.
A Map Depicting the Battle of Tabakhmeli N4 trench on February 24, 1921. Compiled by Colonel (later General of the Polish Army Brigade) Aleksander Chkheidze.
Excerpts from the newspapers of February 1921
Telephone Messages during the War
People's Guardsmen killed in the Russian-Georgian War of 1921. Tbilisi, end of February 1921.
On February 19, 1921, a first-year student of Tbilisi State University, nurse Maro Makashvili, was killed by grenade debris.
On the left: Photo from the period of Maro Makashvili being a Gymnasium student.
On the right: Obituary published in the February 23, 1921 issue of the newspaper "Republic of Georgia".
The Entry of the 11th Red Army of Soviet Russia into Tbilisi. February 25, 1921
1921, 25 February. Orjonikidze's telegram to Moscow - to Lenin and Stalin. Documentary confirmation that "Death with Scythe" entered the capital of Georgia.
The Georgian Bolshevik wrote a telegram to Baku on February 25, 1921 to Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin from Baku: „Ленину, Сталину, Баку. 25.II. 21 г. Над Тифлисом реет Красное Знамя Советской Власти. Да Здравствуйет Советская Грузия! Орджоникидзе“.
Translation: "To Lenin, Stalin, Baku. 25.II.21. The red flag of the Soviet government flies over Tbilisi. Long Live the Soviet Georgia. Orjonikidze. " Photo reproduction.
"Eshmakis Matrakhi" (Devil's whip). March 1921. Sketch by Lado Gudiashvili.